- Comparing Applied Methodologies Between Inductive and Deductive Criminal Profiling Techniques
There are essentially two very different types of profiling being done by criminologists. The first profiling method will be termed Inductive Criminal Profiling, and is related conceptually to the construction of psychological syndromes and subsequent syndrome evidence. The second, less common, method of profiling will be termed Deductive Criminal Profiling. The purpose of this work is to overview the nature of Deductive Criminal Profiling, and demonstrate how its origins, assumptions, and methodology are fundamentally different from the origins, assumptions, and methodology of Inductive Criminal Profiling, and by inference syndrome evidence.
(Added: 16-Feb-2000 Hits: 5043)
- Diagnosing Incest: The Problem of False Positives and Their Consequences
Incest resolution therapies have developed to counter treatment traditions predisposed to false negative diagnoses when confronted with client histories of sexual abuse. Nevertheless, attempts at systematically reducing the frequency of false negative errors in any diagnostic endeavor correspondingly increase the frequency of false positive errors. This paper contends that the theoretical premises of incest resolution therapy alarmingly increase the probability of false positive conclusions when diagnosing a formative history of incest.
(Added: 18-Jan-2000 Hits: 1886)
- Errors in Eyewitness Identification Procedures
Jurors treat eyewitness identification as compelling evidence in both civil and criminal trials. The strength of eyewitness testimony is demonstrated by a study (cited in Loftus and Doyle, 1992) that recorded verdicts in a mock trial. Although jurors rely heavily on eyewitness identification, there is overwhelming evidence that eyewitness identification is highly fallible and that eyewitness confidence is a poor guide to accuracy.
(Added: 30-Apr-2000 Hits: 2951)
- Eyewitness Identification Research Laboratory
The Eyewitness Laboratory in the Psychology Department at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) focuses on research in eyewitness memory and identification, and many aspects of face recognition. The site contains useful information for researchers, law enforcement officers and attorneys in the criminal justice system.
(Added: 22-Jun-2002 Hits: 1825)
- Medicine & Psychiatry Expert
A forensic psychiatrist is a physician who integrates clinical experience, knowledge of medicine, mental health, and the neurosciences to form an independent, objective opinion. Relevant data is gathered and analyzed as part of a process of alternative hypothesis testing to formulate an expert medical/psychiatric opinion.
(Added: 23-Jul-1999 Hits: 859)
- Psychopathic Sexual Sadists
The practical application of this study can be found in assessing the future dangerousness of these type of killers who can be diagnosed as suffering from Antisocial Personality Disorder and Sexual Sadism. Given the frequent reference in the
academic literature as well as the popular media to serial murderers as "psychopathic sexual sadists," the author examined
the extent to which clinical criteria for Antisocial Personality Disorder and Sexual Sadism were met by a sample of serial
murderers whose cases were documented in the journalistic, academic, and law enforcement literatures.
(Added: 18-Feb-2000 Hits: 3800)
- The Impressions of a Man
The science and art of profiling crime scenes, and subsequently offenders, from physical and
psychological evidence is key to the investigation of a violent serial sex crime for which there is no
known perpetrator. The profiling method is based on Locard's Principle of Exchange; anyone who
enters the scene both takes something of the scene with them and leaves something of themselves behind.
(Added: 30-Mar-1999 Hits: 1525)
- The Sociology and Psychology of Terrorism
The approach used in this study is twofold. First, the study examines the relevant literature and assesses the current knowledge of the subject. Second, the study seeks to develop psychological and sociological profiles of foreign terrorist individuals and selected groups to use as case studies in assessing trends, motivations, likely behavior, and actions that might deter such behavior, as well as reveal vulnerabilities that would aid in combating terrorist groups and individuals. (in pdf format)
(Added: 19-May-2002 Hits: 1523)
- Without Conscience
Without Conscience - the website devoted to the study of psychopathy. Contains many articles by Dr Robert Hare on psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, and sociopaths.
(Added: 16-Feb-2000 Hits: 6183)