- 4therapy.com Network
Information about conditions and disorders, including news, research and insights from therapists. Self-assessment, ask the therapist, clinical trials, support groups, find the therapist features.
(Added: 14-Apr-2003 Hits: 3066)
- About Psychotherapy
The goal of this site was to explain psychotherapy in clear and accessible language -- to demystify the whole subject, without trivializing it. In reading through these pages, you can learn about depression, phobias, anxiety, obsession, attention deficit, learning disability, and a host of other related issues; there are also sections on behavior therapy, children and adolescents, couples, biofeedback, and many more. Primarily, though, you will come away understanding psychotherapy: What it is, how it works, why go, why stop (and when), and what should and should not happen there.
(Added: 6-Apr-2000 Hits: 7414)
- All About Depression
The creators of this site are dedicated to providing accurate, current, and relevant information about clinical depression to the general public. Information on the theoretical causes of depression, diagnosis, and treatment.
(Added: 28-Mar-2001 Hits: 3906)
Free informational website with tips and advice about how to identify and cope with stress, anxiety, and related disorders.
(Added: 22-Dec-2009 Hits: 238)
- Application of Overcorrection and Reinforcement in a Mental Handicap Case
Over-correction (positive practice or combination of verbal instructions and physical guide) proved to be an effective method for the modification of a mentally handicapped personís behaviour. In this paper, the effectiveness of positive reinforcement for the reduction of the behavioural disorder is also analysed. Reinforcement was administered after a time criterion without behaviour was reached. Treatment was progressively effective, having required initially a complete physical guide, which was replaced by a partial guide and, finally, by verbal instructions.
(Added: 28-Mar-2000 Hits: 650)
- Approaches to the Treatment of PTSD
Terrifying experiences that rupture people's sense of predictability and invulnerability can profoundly alter the ways that they subsequently deal with their emotions and with their environment. The syndrome of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can follow such widely different stressors as war trauma, physical and sexual assaults, accidents, and other natural and man-made disasters.
(Added: 4-Jan-2000 Hits: 2543)
- Ask the Dream Doctor
An interactive website where readers can talk with author Charles McPhee, submit dreams for interpretation, and have questions on sleep disorders answered.
(Added: 27-Dec-1999 Hits: 2610)
- Cognitive Features of Schizotypal Personality
This paper examines the relationship between schizotypal personality and high-risk neuropsychological markers for schizophrenia. The sample consisted of 726 subjects, aged 14 to 20, divided into two groups according to schizotypal level (measured by the Multidimensional Schizotypal Traits Questionnaire, MSTQ). A comparison of the two groups was made by computing errors in several cognitive tasks (Category Test, CAT; Word Recognition Test, TRP; Visual Working Memory Task, PVMO-1; and Working Memory Verbal Task, PVMO-2).
(Added: 28-Mar-2000 Hits: 3110)
CounsellingResource.com is inspired by the belief that open access to information about counselling and psychotherapy helps clients to make more informed choices and helps practitioners to develop the services they provide.
(Added: 6-Apr-2003 Hits: 1486)
- Cyber-Disorders: The Mental Health Concern for the New Millennium
Anecdotal evidence has suggested that mental health practitionersí report increased caseloads of clients whose primary complaint involves Internet. However, little is known about the incidence, associated behaviors, attitudes of practitioners, and interventions involved related to this relatively new phenomenon. Therefore, this study surveyed therapists who have treated clients suffering from cyber-related problems to gather such outcome information.
(Added: 30-Apr-2000 Hits: 749)
- David Baldwin's Trauma Information Pages
Award-winning educational site focuses on emotional trauma and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) affecting individuals or communities (e.g., natural disasters). Free information for clinicians, researchers, students; supportive links for public or survivors/victims.
(Added: 4-Jan-2000 Hits: 1151)
Depression can be so severe that life hardly feels worth living and sufferers often find that they just cannot cope with
things as they used to. Other people may think they have 'given in', but depression of this degree is an illness and
needs treatment. It is not a sign of weakness - even powerful personalities can experience deep depression. Winston Churchill called it his 'black dog'.
(Added: 26-Mar-2000 Hits: 1369)
The depression-screening.org web site is sponsored by the National Mental Health Association (NMHA) as part of NMHA's Campaign for America's Mental Health. The mission of this web site is to educate people about clinical depression, offer a confidential way for people to get screened for symptoms of the illness, and guide people toward appropriate professional help if necessary.
(Added: 16-May-2000 Hits: 546)
A resource for laymen and professionals who seek a starting point for learning about mental disorders, eating disorders, and many others. Citations and further reading is suggested in each article. Possible treatment is discussed and referrals are made.
(Added: 25-Jul-2012 Hits: 49)
- Dr. Ivan's Depression Central
Internet's central clearing house for
information on all types of depressive disorders and on the most effective
treatments for individuals suffering from Major Depression,
Manic-Depression (Bipolar Disorder), Cyclothymia, Dysthymia and
other mood disorders.
(Added: 30-May-1999 Hits: 1468)
- Dream Emporium
Topics include: dreams, how to interpret your dreams, keeping a dream journal,
nightmares, sleep disorders such as sleep walking, sleep talking, sleep paralysis, night terrors; lucid dreams, dream symbols, and helping children with their nightmares.
(Added: 27-Mar-2000 Hits: 6137)
- Dream Interpretation and False Beliefs
In the research presented in this article, each participant saw a clinician who interpreted a recent dream report to be a sign that the participant had had a mildly traumatic experience before age 3 years, such as being lost for an extended time or feeling abandoned by his or her parents. This dream intervention caused a majority of participants to become more confident that they had had such an experience, even though they had previously denied it. These findings have implications for the use of dream material in clinical settings. In particular, the findings point to the possibility that dream interpretation may have unexpected side effects if it leads to beliefs about the past that may, in fact, be false.
(Added: 17-Oct-2000 Hits: 1244)
- Dual Diagnosis Website
The Dual Diagnosis Website for co-occurring mental illness and substance disorders includes the following resources: complete articles and chapters to read or download; up-coming training events; materials and resources for program development and training; a credentialed listserv; a national/international program directory to add or search for services; links; an interactive bulletin board, and more.
(Added: 29-Apr-2001 Hits: 486)
- Dysthymic Disorder
The essential feature of dysthymic disorder is a very long-standing depression of mood which is never, or only very rarely, severe enough to fulfil the criteria for recurrent depressive disorder, mild or moderate severity. It usually begins early in adult life and
lasts for at least several years, sometimes indefinitely.
(Added: 20-Jun-2000 Hits: 816)
- Factors which Predict the Effectiveness of Different Treatments of Mild Depression or Dysphoria
Research on depression indicates different predictive factors for the development of depressive behaviour. In spite of this, cognitive-behavioural treatment is being applied to the general population of depressive subjects. In this study, two groups were formed from a sample of 236 mild depressive or dysphoric adolescents: the "cognitive dysphoric" group, composed of subjects with depressive attributional style, and the "behavioural dysphoric" group, made up of subjects with deficient social behaviour. We used these two groups to compare the effectiveness of applying a treatment matched with the type of dysphoria and a nonmatched treatment.
(Added: 28-Mar-2000 Hits: 641)
- Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Excessive, almost daily, anxiety and worry for >= 6 mo about a number of activities or events. Generalized anxiety disorder is common, affecting 3 to 5% of the population within a 1-yr period. Women are twice as likely to be affected as men. The disorder often begins in childhood or adolescence but may begin at any age.
(Added: 19-Apr-2000 Hits: 1406)
- Guide to Beneficial Psychotherapy
Therapies described here have been shown to be beneficial in scientific studies meeting several stringent criteria. Patients who participated in studies of the therapies described here had better results than patients who received no treatment, or they had outcomes that were at least equal to those of other patients who received an alternative therapy that has been shown in other studies to be beneficial. The therapies described here have been shown to be beneficial in more than one study conducted by more than one team of scientists.
(Added: 19-Nov-2000 Hits: 724)
- Hallucinations and Illusions of Non-psychiatric Aetiologies
Hallucinations are defined as "an apparent perception of an external object when no such object is present". It is to be differentiated from illusions in which real perceptions are misinterpreted. Although typically associated with
psychiatric disorders, the hallucinatory experience has a wide range of etiologies that may include but is not limited
to the following: neurological insult, seizure and sleep disorders, drug reactions, substance abuse, grief, stress, as well as metabolic, endocrine and infectious diseases.
(Added: 30-Apr-2000 Hits: 1479)
- Help for Depression
Help for Depression provides a comprehensive explanation of the various approaches and treatments for depression as a critical starting point for individuals and/or their loved ones.
(Added: 22-Nov-2011 Hits: 46)
- Hypnosis And Suggestion
A source of information regarding the academic study, research, and clinical practice of hypnosis, suggestion, and altered states.
The site is a nonprofit education resource run by Dr Matthew Whalley, a research psychologist at University College London.
(Added: 6-May-2007 Hits: 668)
- Manic Depressive illness
In manic depressive illness, sufferers experience mood swings that are far
beyond what most people ever experience in the course of their lives. These mood swings may be low, as in depression, or high, as in periods when we might feel very elated. These high periods are known as ?manic? phases. Many sufferers have both high and low phases, but some will only experience either depression or mania. A more technical tern used to describe this illness is ?bi-polar affective disorder?. This leaflet will describe both aspects of the disorder, the particular problems they present, ways of coping with them and the range of treatments available. It is a serious condition but, with the right treatment, it is possible to live one?s life without too much interference.
(Added: 26-Mar-2000 Hits: 1488)
- National Center for PTSD
The National Center for PTSD is a program of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and carries out a broad range of activities in research, training, and public information.
(Added: 4-Jan-2000 Hits: 627)
- New hope for people with schizophrenia
At the heart of the recovery movement is the idea that instead of focusing on the disease or pathological aspect of schizophrenia--as does the medical model--emphasis is placed on the potential for growth in the individual. That potential is then developed by integrating medical, psychological and social interventions.
(Added: 10-Feb-2000 Hits: 1201)
- Obsessive-Compulsive Foundation: What Is OCD?
Worries, doubts, superstitious beliefs all are common in everyday life. However, when they
become so excessive such as hours of hand washing or make no sense at all such as driving
around and around the block to check that an accident didn't occur then a diagnosis of OCD is
made. In OCD, it is as though the brain gets stuck on a particular thought or urge and just can't
(Added: 27-Mar-1999 Hits: 2030)
Disorders characterized by long-standing, intense, sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors that involve inanimate objects, actual or imagined suffering or humiliation of oneself or one's partner, or nonconsenting partners and that are associated with clinically important distress or disability. These arousal patterns are considered deviant because they are often obligatory for sexual functioning (ie, erection or orgasm cannot occur without the stimulus), may involve inappropriate partners (eg, children), and cause significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.
(Added: 19-Apr-2000 Hits: 2015)
- Perspectives: A Primer on Narcissism
A pattern of traits and behaviours which signify infatuation and obsession with one's self to the exclusion of all others and the egotistic and ruthless pursuit of one's gratification, dominance and ambition. Narcissism is named after the ancient Greek myth of Narcissus who was a handsome Greek youth who rejected the desperate advances of the nymph Echo. In punishment of his cruelty, he was doomed to fall in love with his own reflection in a pool of water.
(Added: 23-Nov-2001 Hits: 1974)
- Phobic Disorders
Disorders involving persistent, unrealistic, yet intense anxiety that, unlike the free-floating anxiety of panic disorder, is attached to external situations or stimuli. Persons who have a phobia avoid such situations or stimuli or endure them only with great distress. But they retain insight and recognize the excessiveness of their anxiety.
(Added: 19-Apr-2000 Hits: 1510)
Online psych magazine for therapists featuring probing interviews and training videos/DVDs with leading therapists , great writing, humor, and other resources to inspire psychotherapists of all stripes and colors.
(Added: 23-Jan-2001 Hits: 900)
- Qualitative Inquiry in Psychotherapy
In Qualitative Inquiry in Psychotherapy, the authors survey the literature on qualitative research on the psychotherapeutic process. They begin by introducing the reader to qualitative research and they explore why such approaches to inquiry are uniquely suited to the study of psychotherapy. In this comprehensive review, they recount the use qualitative methods in psychotherapy including studies on communication, discourse analysis, and qualitative interviewing. The authors describe what these studies tell us about the practice of psychotherapy.
(Added: 26-Sep-2000 Hits: 900)
Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness which affects one person in a hundred. It usually develops in the late teens or early twenties, though it sometimes starts in middle age or even much later in life. The earlier it begins, the more potential it has to damage the personality and the ability to lead a normal life. Athough it is treatable, relapses are common, and it may never clear up entirely. It makes working and studying, relating to other people and leading a full, independent life very difficult, and causes families much distress. This leaflet explains what it is like, why it may happen and what to do about it.
(Added: 26-Mar-2000 Hits: 3858)
A common and serious mental disorder characterized by loss of contact with reality (psychosis), hallucinations (false perceptions), delusions (false beliefs), abnormal thinking, flattened affect (restricted range of emotions), diminished motivation, and disturbed work and social functioning. Worldwide, the prevalence of schizophrenia appears to be 1%, although pockets of higher or lower prevalence exist. In the USA, patients with schizophrenia occupy about 1/4 of all hospital beds and account for about 20% of all social security disability days.
(Added: 19-Apr-2000 Hits: 3665)
Schizophrenic.com is a resource for people who are dealing with Schizophrenia. We provide educational information, opinions and views from people who have been there, and real-time community interaction via this site and SupportGroups.com
(Added: 17-May-2011 Hits: 74)
- Scrupulosity and OCD
Religious belief, and membership in a faith community are important factors in the lives of many individuals. For a certain individuals, religious beliefs become compulsive, joyless behaviors. Religious faith and religious education are not generally the causes of scrupulosity. Actually, scrupulosity is a form of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder.
(Added: 31-Jul-2000 Hits: 843)
- Seasonal Affective Disorder
The typical symptoms of SAD include depression, lack of energy, increased need for sleep, a craving for sweets and weight gain. Symptoms begin in the fall, peak in the winter and usually resolve in the spring. Some individuals experience great bursts of energy and creativity in the spring or early summer.
(Added: 2-Dec-2001 Hits: 941)
- Shared Psychotic Disorder: European Description
A rare delusional disorder shared by two or occasionally more people with close emotional links (also known as folie a deux). Only one person suffers from a genuine psychotic disorder; the delusions are induced in the other(s) and usually disappear when the people are separated. The psychotic illness of the dominant person is most commonly schizophrenic, but this is not necessarily or invariably so. Both the original delusions in the dominant person and the induced delusions are usually chronic and either persecutory or grandiose in nature.
(Added: 8-Jul-2000 Hits: 597)
- Social Anxiety Disorder
Several articles with information to help visitors find treatment options, recognize symptoms, and overcome social anxiety. Social anxiety disorder is a socially crippling mental disorder where sufferers fear embarrassing situations.
(Added: 30-Apr-2005 Hits: 534)
- Social Phobias
Many of us get worried before meeting new people, but we find that once we are with them, we can cope and even enjoy the situation. However, some of us become very anxious about these situations. At best, we cannot enjoy them and, at worst, we may have to avoid them altogether. This is what doctors and psychologists call social phobia. This leaflet describes what it feels like to have a social phobia, how you can help yourself, and what other kinds of help are available.
(Added: 26-Mar-2000 Hits: 1775)
- Systematic Desensitization in the Treatment of Fear of Flying
In this work we present the preliminary results for the validation of a systematic desensitization programme applied to fear of flying. The programme is made up of three phases: the first consists of four sessions in relaxation and imagination training, the second phase has three sessions focusing on the elaboration of the phobic stimulus hierarchy (travelling by plane); the third, with a minimum of five and maximum of eight sessions, deals with the application of the systematic desensitization, together with stop thinking. The programme was applied to 20 patients (treatment group), while 21 patients made up the waiting-control group.
(Added: 28-Mar-2000 Hits: 732)
- The Anxiety Panic internet resource (tAPir)
The Anxiety Panic internet resource, a grass roots project involving thousands
of people interested in anxiety disorders such as panic attacks, phobias, shyness, generalized anxiety, obsessive-compulsive behavior and post traumatic stress. tAPir is a self-help network dedicated to the overcoming and cure of overwhelming anxiety.
(Added: 4-Jan-2000 Hits: 1270)
- The Chemical Imbalance in Mental Health Problems
A variety of conditions and circumstances encountered in life can produce changes in our brain chemistry. These changes can then create mental health problems. We have known for years that chemical and substances in the body can become unregulated as in high blood pressure, high cholesterol, low/high blood sugar, etc. There is no stigma associated with using medications to return these body chemicals/substances back to their normal levels.
(Added: 14-May-2002 Hits: 522)
- The Quantitative Study of Dreams
This Web site contains everything needed to conduct scientific studies of dream meaning using a system of content analysis. Includes information for people doing research projects or papers and non-scientific info, for those not interested in quantitative research.
(Added: 8-Feb-2001 Hits: 3690)
- The Shyness Home Page
Shyness and social phobia do not have to interfere with achieving professional and interpersonal goals. The pain of shyness
can be relieved by challenging automatic thoughts and beliefs, and learning new behaviors. This site is a gathering of network resources for people seeking information and services for shyness.
(Added: 5-Mar-2000 Hits: 1217)
- Understanding and Preventing Compassion Fatigue - A Handout by Dr. Angie Panos
"Most of us became counselors because we wanted to assist others in need. Yet our capacity for compassion, along with the intensity of our work can, at times, leave us vulnerable for ?compassion fatigue.? This is a term that was coined to describe the set of symptoms experienced by caregivers who become so overwhelmed by the exposure to the feelings and experiences of their clients that they themselves experience feelings of fear, pain, and suffering including intrusive thoughts, nightmares, loss of energy, and hypervigilance."
(Added: 15-Apr-2008 Hits: 145)