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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
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The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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  • Hans Eysenck

    Eysenck?s theory is based primarily on physiology and genetics. Although he is a behaviorist who considers learned habits of great importance, he considers personality differences as growing out of our genetic inheritance. He is, therefore, primarily interested in what is usually called temperament.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 5454

  • Jean Piaget

    Piaget theorized on thought-processes of doing science, and the nature of thought itself, especially in the development of thinking. He called it genetic epistemology, meaning the study of the development of knowledge.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 10036

  • Karen Horney

    Horney's theory is perhaps the best theory of neurosis we have. First, she offered a different way of viewing neurosis. She saw it as much more continuous with normal life than previous theorists. Specifically, she saw neurosis as an attempt to make life bearable, as a way of "interpersonal control and coping."

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 7763

  • Ludwig Binswanger

    Binswanger and other existential psychologists make a point of discovering their client's world view (or world design). This is not a matter of discussing a person's religion or philosophy of life, necessarily. Binswanger wants to know about your Lebenswelt, Husserl's word for "lived world." He is looking for a concrete, everyday world view.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 2166

  • Medard Boss

    Boss has studied dreams more than any other existentialist, and considers them important in therapy. But instead of interpreting them as Freudians or Jungians do, he allows them to reveal their own meanings.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 2971

  • Otto Rank

    Rank introduced the concept of "will", an ego imbued with power. Rank classified 3 types of people, adapted type, neurotic type, and productive type.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 2631

  • Rollo May

    Rollo May is the best known American existential psychologist. Much of his thinking can be understood by reading about existentialism in general, and the overlap between his ideas and the ideas of Ludwig Binswanger is great.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 3974

  • Sigmund Freud

    An excellent background on Freud, his history, and his theories.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 20756

  • Viktor Frankl

    Viktor Frankl is nearly as well known for certain clinical details of his approach as for his overall theory. He believes that the existential vacuum is often filled with certain neurotic ?vicious cycles.? For example, there is the idea of anticipatory anxiety: Someone may be so afraid of getting certain anxiety-related symptoms that getting those symptoms becomes inevitable.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 3982

  • Ask the Dream Doctor

    An interactive website where readers can talk with author Charles McPhee, submit dreams for interpretation, and have questions on sleep disorders answered.

    Added: December 27, 1999 Hits: 2648

  • Psychological Impulse Control Disorders

    Descriptions of psychological impulse control disorders such as kleptomania, domestic violence, pyromania, intermittent explosive disorder, pathological gambling, and trichotillomania.

    Added: December 27, 1999 Hits: 3122

  • How do People Learn: Behaviorism

    Behaviorism is a theory of animal and human learning that only focuses on objectively observable behaviors and discounts mental activities. Behavior theorists define learning as nothing more than the acquisition of new behavior.

    Added: December 26, 1999 Hits: 12885