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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 99

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  • Erich Fromm

    Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other words, Freud postulated that our characters were determined by biology. Marx, on the other hand, saw people as determined by their society, and most especially by their economic systems.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 6640

  • Erik Erikson

    Erikson is a Freudian ego-psychologist. This means that he accepts Freud's ideas as basically correct, including the more debatable ideas such as the Oedipal complex, and accepts as well the ideas about the ego that were added by other Freudian loyalists such as Heinz Hartmann and, of, course, Anna Freud.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 15319

  • George Kelly

    Kelly organized his theory into a fundamental postulate and 11 corollaries. His fundamental postulate says this: "A person's processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which he anticipates events."

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 4086

  • Gordon Allport

    One thing that motivates human beings is the tendency to satisfy biological survival needs, which Allport referred to as opportunistic functioning. He noted that opportunistic functioning can be characterized as reactive, past-oriented, and, of course, biological.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 5189

  • Hans Eysenck

    Eysenck?s theory is based primarily on physiology and genetics. Although he is a behaviorist who considers learned habits of great importance, he considers personality differences as growing out of our genetic inheritance. He is, therefore, primarily interested in what is usually called temperament.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 5454

  • Jean Piaget

    Piaget theorized on thought-processes of doing science, and the nature of thought itself, especially in the development of thinking. He called it genetic epistemology, meaning the study of the development of knowledge.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 10035

  • Karen Horney

    Horney's theory is perhaps the best theory of neurosis we have. First, she offered a different way of viewing neurosis. She saw it as much more continuous with normal life than previous theorists. Specifically, she saw neurosis as an attempt to make life bearable, as a way of "interpersonal control and coping."

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 7763

  • Ludwig Binswanger

    Binswanger and other existential psychologists make a point of discovering their client's world view (or world design). This is not a matter of discussing a person's religion or philosophy of life, necessarily. Binswanger wants to know about your Lebenswelt, Husserl's word for "lived world." He is looking for a concrete, everyday world view.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 2166

  • Medard Boss

    Boss has studied dreams more than any other existentialist, and considers them important in therapy. But instead of interpreting them as Freudians or Jungians do, he allows them to reveal their own meanings.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 2971

  • Otto Rank

    Rank introduced the concept of "will", an ego imbued with power. Rank classified 3 types of people, adapted type, neurotic type, and productive type.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 2631

  • Rollo May

    Rollo May is the best known American existential psychologist. Much of his thinking can be understood by reading about existentialism in general, and the overlap between his ideas and the ideas of Ludwig Binswanger is great.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 3974

  • Sigmund Freud

    An excellent background on Freud, his history, and his theories.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 20756