Southern New Hampshire University - BA - Psychology
Southern New Hampshire University's online psychology program features six concentrations including addiction, child development, and mental health. The 120-credit bachelor of arts degree includes foundational classes in research and physiology as well as a choice of electives. The four-year program features a senior capstone project.
Ashford University - BA - Psychology
Ashford's bachelor's in cognitive studies explores how people learn, solve problems, and make decisions. Graduates are prepared for careers in rehabilitation, special education, and more. The program does not lead directly to teacher licensure. Financial aid is available to all students.
Walden University - BS - Psychology: General Psychology
Walden's online bachelor's of science in general psychology is the perfect program for students interested in learning how the mind works. Graduates leave school with a well-rounded education, ready for the professional workforce or further training in the field.
Capella University - BS - Psychology
The general psychology specialization of Capella’s online BS in psychology is designed around APA guidelines, providing students with a comprehensive foundational education in human learning, emotions, behaviors, and more. Coursework can be customized to include further concentration in addictions, behavioral health, or forensics psychology.
The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.
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The schizophrenia.com website provides patients, family members, and caregivers with information on schizophrenia and related mental illnesses.
Neurosciences on the Internet contains a searchable and browsable index of neuroscience resources available on the World Wide Web and other parts of the Internet. Neurobiology, neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science sites and information on human neurological diseases are covered.
Maslow created the hierarchy of needs. Beyond the details of air, water, food, and sex, he laid out five broader layers: the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self, in that order.
Alfred Adler postulates a single "drive" or motivating force behind all our behavior and experience. By the time his theory had gelled into its most mature form, he called that motivating force the striving for perfection.
Anna Freud, Sigmund's daughter, is probably best known for her book The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense, in which she gives a particularly clear description of how the defenses work, including some special attention to adolescents' use of defenses.
B. F. Skinner?s theories are based on operant conditioning. The organism encounters a stimulus, called a reinforcing stimulus, or simply a reinforcer. This special stimulus has the effect of increasing the operant, the behavior occurring just before the reinforcer. This is operant conditioning: ?the behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature of the consequence modifies the organisms tendency to repeat the behavior in the future.?
Jung's theory divides the psyche into three parts, the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious.
Roger'se theory is built on a single ?force of life? he calls the actualizing tendency. It can be defined as the built-in motivation present in every life-form to develop its potentials to the fullest extent possible.
Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other words, Freud postulated that our characters were determined by biology. Marx, on the other hand, saw people as determined by their society, and most especially by their economic systems.
Erikson is a Freudian ego-psychologist. This means that he accepts Freud's ideas as basically correct, including the more debatable ideas such as the Oedipal complex, and accepts as well the ideas about the ego that were added by other Freudian loyalists such as Heinz Hartmann and, of, course, Anna Freud.
Kelly organized his theory into a fundamental postulate and 11 corollaries. His fundamental postulate says this: "A person's processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which he anticipates events."
One thing that motivates human beings is the tendency to satisfy biological survival needs, which Allport referred to as opportunistic functioning. He noted that opportunistic functioning can be characterized as reactive, past-oriented, and, of course, biological.