Degree Finder

  1. 1

The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 98

Featured Schools

The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

The information featured is meant for both casual consumption and professional research. We pride ourselves on hosting a strictly-reviewed collection of think pieces and data-driven investigations.

Submit to Add Your Site

If you have a resource you feel should be listed, please use this form to have it approved. We individually review each submission, so be sure to fill in every field to expedite the process. Should your resource pass muster, we will notify you of our plans to post it.

Managing Submissions

To make changes to a listed resource, please email us at with URL of the resource, the issue, the fix and your name. This will allow you to send your request directly to our editors, who can then adjust the resource in short order.

Disclaimer: While we thoroughly vet all third party resources, we are not responsible for the information contained within a source we do not own. The views presented in the encyclopedia are not necessarily the views of our organization. Beyond hosting links to their material, we have no affiliation with these entities.

At any time, the owner of a resource may request his or her material be removed from our encyclopedia. If you have submitted a resource that does not belong to you, please note that we will comply with all DRM requests.

  • This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged.

Search Our Encyclopedia of Psychology Directory

  •, The Schizophrenia Home Page

    The website provides patients, family members, and caregivers with information on schizophrenia and related mental illnesses.

    Added: January 3, 2000 Hits: 1710

  • - Neurosciences on the Internet

    Neurosciences on the Internet contains a searchable and browsable index of neuroscience resources available on the World Wide Web and other parts of the Internet. Neurobiology, neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, psychology, cognitive science sites and information on human neurological diseases are covered.

    Added: January 3, 2000 Hits: 1204

  • Abraham Maslow

    Maslow created the hierarchy of needs. Beyond the details of air, water, food, and sex, he laid out five broader layers: the physiological needs, the needs for safety and security, the needs for love and belonging, the needs for esteem, and the need to actualize the self, in that order.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 33001

  • Alfred Adler

    Alfred Adler postulates a single "drive" or motivating force behind all our behavior and experience. By the time his theory had gelled into its most mature form, he called that motivating force the striving for perfection.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 16436

  • Anna Freud

    Anna Freud, Sigmund's daughter, is probably best known for her book The Ego and the Mechanisms of Defense, in which she gives a particularly clear description of how the defenses work, including some special attention to adolescents' use of defenses.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 16349

  • B. F. Skinner

    B. F. Skinner?s theories are based on operant conditioning. The organism encounters a stimulus, called a reinforcing stimulus, or simply a reinforcer. This special stimulus has the effect of increasing the operant, the behavior occurring just before the reinforcer. This is operant conditioning: ?the behavior is followed by a consequence, and the nature of the consequence modifies the organisms tendency to repeat the behavior in the future.?

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 16341

  • Carl Jung

    Jung's theory divides the psyche into three parts, the ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 18747

  • Carl Rogers

    Roger'se theory is built on a single ?force of life? he calls the actualizing tendency. It can be defined as the built-in motivation present in every life-form to develop its potentials to the fullest extent possible.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 8852

  • Erich Fromm

    Fromm's theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx. Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on. In other words, Freud postulated that our characters were determined by biology. Marx, on the other hand, saw people as determined by their society, and most especially by their economic systems.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 6640

  • Erik Erikson

    Erikson is a Freudian ego-psychologist. This means that he accepts Freud's ideas as basically correct, including the more debatable ideas such as the Oedipal complex, and accepts as well the ideas about the ego that were added by other Freudian loyalists such as Heinz Hartmann and, of, course, Anna Freud.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 15319

  • George Kelly

    Kelly organized his theory into a fundamental postulate and 11 corollaries. His fundamental postulate says this: "A person's processes are psychologically channelized by the ways in which he anticipates events."

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 4086

  • Gordon Allport

    One thing that motivates human beings is the tendency to satisfy biological survival needs, which Allport referred to as opportunistic functioning. He noted that opportunistic functioning can be characterized as reactive, past-oriented, and, of course, biological.

    Added: December 29, 1999 Hits: 5189