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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 93

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The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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  • Smell and Smell Disorders

    The sense of smell is part of our chemical sensing system, or the chemosenses. Sensory cells in our nose, mouth, and throat have a role in helping us interpret smells, as well as taste flavors. Microscopic molecules released by the substances around us (foods, flowers, etc.) stimulate these sensory cells. Once the cells detect the molecules they send messages to our brains, where we identify the smell.

    Added: January 31, 2000 Hits: 2476

  • A Primer on Drug Addiction

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 18289

  • The Biological Basis of Addiction

    The pharmacological activation of brain reward systems is largely responsible for producing a drug's potent addictive properties. Personality, social, and genetic factors may also be important, but the drug's effects on the central nervous system (CNS) remain the primary determinants of drug addiction.

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 2246

  • Glossary of Terms for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

    Terms used in classical conditioning and their definitions.

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 8093

  • Handedness and Brain Lateralization

    The term brain lateralization refers to the fact that the two halves of the human brain are not exactly alike. Each hemisphere has functional specializations: some function whose neural mechanisms are localized primarily in one half of the brain.

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 1625

  • Seeing, Hearing and Smelling the World

    Research and articles on the three best-known human senses: vision, hearing and smelling. Learn how humans see, how we hear and how we smell. From the Howard Hughes Medical Institute.

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 8402

  • Smell and the Olfactory System

    The smell, or olfactory system can distinguish thousands of odors. Scientists have identified a large gene family that they believe codes for odor binding sites, or receptors, in the olfactory lining of the nose.

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 2004

  • Taste Intensity

    Evidence shows that the sense of taste is more complex than previously believed. One set of findings suggests that humans inherit different levels of tasting ability. These levels may influence food preferences and, in turn, health status.

    Added: January 30, 2000 Hits: 2283

  • Statistics at Square One

    A statistics textbook geared for medical researchers. Lots of examples.

    Added: January 29, 2000 Hits: 11895

  • Issues In Forensic Psychology: Eyewitness Recall

    Issues to consider when relying on eyewitness testimony and tips for minimizing false positives on line-ups.

    Added: January 27, 2000 Hits: 2650

  • Learned Helplessness and Attribution for Success and Failure in LD Students

    In the 1960 's, a group of researchers observed a phenomenon they called learned helplessness. In a controlled study, they used electric shocks when dogs tried to leave their cage. Later the dogs were provided a way out, but they made no effort to escape. Apparently, they had learned that they were helpless. The fact that learning disabled children may become learned helpless in academic settings has been supported by numerous studies.

    Added: January 25, 2000 Hits: 1768

  • Expert Consensus Guidelines: Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

    The Expert Consensus Guidelines for the Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are based on surveys of 52 experts on the psychotherapy treatment and 57 experts on the medication treatment of PTSD.

    Added: January 23, 2000 Hits: 1068