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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 92

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  • Overcoming Procrastination

    In order to understand and solve your procrastination problems, you must carefully analyze those situations where your work is not being completed.

    Added: February 6, 2000 Hits: 2787

  • Test Anxiety

    The first step is to distinguish between two types of anxiety. If your anxiety is a direct result of lack of preparation, consider it a normal, rational reaction. However, if you are adequately prepared but still panic and/or overreact, your reaction is NOT rational.

    Added: February 6, 2000 Hits: 1483

  • Existential Theory of Carl Rogers

    Rogers claimed that congruence, unconditional positive regard, and empathic understanding are necessary and sufficient conditions for interpersonal growth.

    Added: February 4, 2000 Hits: 9651

  • Social Learning Theory of Albert Bandura

    Social learning theory is a general theory of human behavior, but Bandura and people concerned with mass communication have used it specifically to explain media effects. Bandura warned that children and adults acquire attitudes, emotional responses, and new styles of conduct through filmed and televised modeling."37 George Gerbner (see Chapter 28) was concerned that television violence would create a false climate of fear. Albert Bandura cautioned that TV might create a violent reality that was worth fearing.

    Added: February 4, 2000 Hits: 7307

  • Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine

    The Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine has as its central focus patients with comorbid medical and psychiatric illness and the interaction between them. This focus entails clinical work, research, and teaching as well as leadership in the provision of medical-surgical psychiatry services.

    Added: February 3, 2000 Hits: 1552

  • Psychosomatics

    Psychosomatics focuses on a variety of isues in psychiatry and medicine. It offers peer-reviewed articles and research reports on everything from the latest advances in drug therapy, to psychosocial treatments for medical disorders, to the social and legal implications of managed care.

    Added: February 3, 2000 Hits: 844

  • Society of Behavioral Medicine

    Behavioral Medicine is the interdisciplinary field concerned with the development and integration of behavioral, psychosocial, and biomedical science knowledge and techniques relevant to the understanding of health and illness, and the application of this knowledge and these techniques to prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.

    Added: February 3, 2000 Hits: 794

  • Psychosomatic Medicine

    Psychosomatic Medicine, founded in 1939, is the official organ of the American Psychosomatic Society. It publishes experimental and clinical studies dealing with various aspects of the relationships among social, psychological, and behavioral factors and bodily processes in humans and animals.

    Added: February 3, 2000 Hits: 493

  • Raymond B. Cattell

    Since the beginning of his career, Raymond Cattell searched for a comprehensive theory of human behavior through the use of multi-factor analysis. He regarded behavior as primarily organic in nature because of his British psychological training, which stressed biological influences on behavior.

    Added: February 1, 2000 Hits: 4623

  • Neuroscience

    Perception of tastes, odors and chemical irritants begins with the activation of sensory cells in the mouth, nose, and on the skin. These receptor cells have specialized features that make them sensitive to particular chemicals. Chemosensory stimulation triggers the cascade of molecular and cellular events that translate or "transduce" information about the stimulus into a signal for the nervous system. The encoded information is then transmitted to appropriate brain areas to initiate and maintain the sensory experience.

    Added: January 31, 2000 Hits: 7484

  • Nutrition and Appetite

    The chemical senses are most fully engaged when we eat and drink because the flavors of foods and beverages are a combination of taste, smell and, depending on cuisine, chemosensory irritation. One's choice of foods, which is a crucial determinant of nutritional status, is guided largely by flavor. However, the nutritional impact of flavor goes beyond the choice of food. Activation of the chemical senses by food triggers reflexes that influence digestion and metabolism of nutrients. Changes in body metabolism, in turn, modulate responses to the flavor of food and, along with chemosensory cues, shape food preferences.

    Added: January 31, 2000 Hits: 2989

  • Sensation and Perception

    Sensory capabilities are influenced by many factors, including genetics, age, sex, individual experiences, and current surroundings. These affect the ability to detect, recognize, perceive and respond to our chemosensory environment.

    Added: January 31, 2000 Hits: 24390