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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 79

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The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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Search Our Encyclopedia of Psychology Directory

  • Social Phobias

    Many of us get worried before meeting new people, but we find that once we are with them, we can cope and even enjoy the situation. However, some of us become very anxious about these situations. At best, we cannot enjoy them and, at worst, we may have to avoid them altogether. This is what doctors and psychologists call social phobia. This leaflet describes what it feels like to have a social phobia, how you can help yourself, and what other kinds of help are available.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1810

  • Bereavement

    In this leaflet you will find information about some of the ways in which people grieve after such a loss, about the ways in which bereaved people can get stuck in the grieving process, and the help available.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 8428

  • Depression in Older Adults

    Everyone is sad sometimes. In later life the reasons for becoming depressed seem so obvious and so common that we are inclined to think that it is normal for old people to feel depressed. But is it? Undoubtedly the kinds of things which we might expect to make us feel depressed do become more common as we grow older - having to stop work, probably less income, perhaps the start of arthritis or other physical problems. There are also the emotional losses - the death of a partner, or friends, or even of a dearly loved pet. Yet, despite all this, at any one time fewer than one elderly person in six feels so depressed that they or others notice. Fewer than one in thirty are so depressed that doctors would diagnose an illness - 'depressive illness'.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1990

  • Anorexia & Bulimia

    Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the two main eating disorders. People with anorexia have extreme weight loss as a result of very strict dieting. Some people may also make themselves sick, abuse laxatives or do excessive exercise to try and lose weight. In spite of this extreme weight loss, people with anorexia believe they are fat and are terrified of becoming what is in fact a normal weight or shape.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 3870

  • Sleeping Well

    This leaflet describes some of the common problems that we may have with sleeping. There are some simple guidelines to help you sleep better, and some advice to help you decide when to ask for professional help.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 696

  • Depression in People with Learning Disability

    The problem for many people with learning disabilities is that they are not able to express their feelings easily in words. So their actions may have to speak for them. Sudden changes in behaviour or mood, or not being able to do things they could previously do may all be important signs of depression. These changes in behaviour are often mistakenly viewed as just a phase, and so the right help may not be given. Unfortunately, it can be all too easy to forget that people with learning disabilities have feelings, too.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 2491

  • Taking ADvantage

    This is the text to Taking ADvantage, a book on the physical and cultural evolution of human beings, how that evolution has affected human subconscious processing of stimuli, and how advertising takes advantage (thus the title) of that processing by creating stimuli.

    Added: March 25, 2000 Hits: 3838

  • Careers in Animal Behavior

    Most scientists directly involved in animal behavior are found within two disciplines: Ethology and comparative psychology. These disciplines overlap greatly in their goals, interests, and methods. Ethologists usually are trained in departments of biology, zoology, entomology, wildlife, or other animal sciences, whereas most comparative psychologists are trained in psychology departments.

    Added: March 21, 2000 Hits: 10084

  • gauche! Left-Handers in Society

    Left-handers and ambidextrals routinely encounter difficulties in their daily lives that most right-handers do not fully appreciate. Most of these difficulties are trivial, annoying, and frustrating. But some problems encountered by left-handers and ambidextrals are serious, resulting in lifelong problems and/or physical injury. Many of the more serious problems may be avoided or overcome with a little basic understanding and a few simple coping strategies.

    Added: March 21, 2000 Hits: 1253

  • The Role of Intelligence in Modern Society

    A central question in the debate is whether or not mental competence is a single ability, applicable in many settings, or whether competence is produced by specialized abilities, which a person may or may not possess independently. Almost equally important is the question of how cognitive skill, as evaluated by IQ tests, translates into everyday performance.

    Added: March 20, 2000 Hits: 3805

  • The National Psychologist

    The National Psychologist is published six times a year, in January, March, May, July, September, and November. This publication is intended to keep psychologists informed about practice issues.

    Added: March 20, 2000 Hits: 4465

  • Psychology, Crime & Law

    This journal promotes the study and application of psychological approaches to crime, criminal and civil law, and the influence of law on behavior. The content will include the aetiology of criminal behavior and studies of different offender groups; crime detection, for example, interrogation and witness testimony; courtroom studies in areas such as jury behavior, decision making, divorce and custody, and expert testimony; behavior of litigants, lawyers, judges, and court officers, both in and outside the courtroom; issues of offender management including prisons, probation, and rehabilitation initiatives; and studies of public, including victim, reactions to crime and the legal process.

    Added: March 19, 2000 Hits: 1519