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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 79

The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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  • Alcohol and Depression

    Sometimes we may drink to relieve a depressed mood; to 'drown our sorrows.' Occasionally, drinking excessively is a symptom of severe clinical depression. More often it is the other way around and depression is a consequence of excessive drinking. It is important to be clear about the extent to which the depression is causing the excessive drinking or the drinking causing depression.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1829

  • Depression

    Depression can be so severe that life hardly feels worth living and sufferers often find that they just cannot cope with things as they used to. Other people may think they have 'given in', but depression of this degree is an illness and needs treatment. It is not a sign of weakness - even powerful personalities can experience deep depression. Winston Churchill called it his 'black dog'.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1392

  • Manic Depressive illness

    In manic depressive illness, sufferers experience mood swings that are far beyond what most people ever experience in the course of their lives. These mood swings may be low, as in depression, or high, as in periods when we might feel very elated. These high periods are known as ?manic? phases. Many sufferers have both high and low phases, but some will only experience either depression or mania. A more technical tern used to describe this illness is ?bi-polar affective disorder?. This leaflet will describe both aspects of the disorder, the particular problems they present, ways of coping with them and the range of treatments available. It is a serious condition but, with the right treatment, it is possible to live one?s life without too much interference.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1510

  • Schizophrenia

    Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness which affects one person in a hundred. It usually develops in the late teens or early twenties, though it sometimes starts in middle age or even much later in life. The earlier it begins, the more potential it has to damage the personality and the ability to lead a normal life. Athough it is treatable, relapses are common, and it may never clear up entirely. It makes working and studying, relating to other people and leading a full, independent life very difficult, and causes families much distress. This leaflet explains what it is like, why it may happen and what to do about it.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 3923

  • Social Phobias

    Many of us get worried before meeting new people, but we find that once we are with them, we can cope and even enjoy the situation. However, some of us become very anxious about these situations. At best, we cannot enjoy them and, at worst, we may have to avoid them altogether. This is what doctors and psychologists call social phobia. This leaflet describes what it feels like to have a social phobia, how you can help yourself, and what other kinds of help are available.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1810

  • Bereavement

    In this leaflet you will find information about some of the ways in which people grieve after such a loss, about the ways in which bereaved people can get stuck in the grieving process, and the help available.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 8428

  • Depression in Older Adults

    Everyone is sad sometimes. In later life the reasons for becoming depressed seem so obvious and so common that we are inclined to think that it is normal for old people to feel depressed. But is it? Undoubtedly the kinds of things which we might expect to make us feel depressed do become more common as we grow older - having to stop work, probably less income, perhaps the start of arthritis or other physical problems. There are also the emotional losses - the death of a partner, or friends, or even of a dearly loved pet. Yet, despite all this, at any one time fewer than one elderly person in six feels so depressed that they or others notice. Fewer than one in thirty are so depressed that doctors would diagnose an illness - 'depressive illness'.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 1990

  • Anorexia & Bulimia

    Anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa are the two main eating disorders. People with anorexia have extreme weight loss as a result of very strict dieting. Some people may also make themselves sick, abuse laxatives or do excessive exercise to try and lose weight. In spite of this extreme weight loss, people with anorexia believe they are fat and are terrified of becoming what is in fact a normal weight or shape.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 3870

  • Sleeping Well

    This leaflet describes some of the common problems that we may have with sleeping. There are some simple guidelines to help you sleep better, and some advice to help you decide when to ask for professional help.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 696

  • Depression in People with Learning Disability

    The problem for many people with learning disabilities is that they are not able to express their feelings easily in words. So their actions may have to speak for them. Sudden changes in behaviour or mood, or not being able to do things they could previously do may all be important signs of depression. These changes in behaviour are often mistakenly viewed as just a phase, and so the right help may not be given. Unfortunately, it can be all too easy to forget that people with learning disabilities have feelings, too.

    Added: March 26, 2000 Hits: 2491

  • Taking ADvantage

    This is the text to Taking ADvantage, a book on the physical and cultural evolution of human beings, how that evolution has affected human subconscious processing of stimuli, and how advertising takes advantage (thus the title) of that processing by creating stimuli.

    Added: March 25, 2000 Hits: 3838

  • Careers in Animal Behavior

    Most scientists directly involved in animal behavior are found within two disciplines: Ethology and comparative psychology. These disciplines overlap greatly in their goals, interests, and methods. Ethologists usually are trained in departments of biology, zoology, entomology, wildlife, or other animal sciences, whereas most comparative psychologists are trained in psychology departments.

    Added: March 21, 2000 Hits: 10083