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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 65

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The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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  • Dysthymic Disorder

    The essential feature of dysthymic disorder is a very long-standing depression of mood which is never, or only very rarely, severe enough to fulfil the criteria for recurrent depressive disorder, mild or moderate severity. It usually begins early in adult life and lasts for at least several years, sometimes indefinitely.

    Added: June 20, 2000 Hits: 856

  • Doctor Leon - Psychology with Attitude

    Psychology exposed for what it really is. Commentary on the field, misinformation on the facts and good fun for mildly neurotic visitors.

    Added: June 20, 2000 Hits: 10537

  • Verbal Working Memory and Sentence Comprehension

    This target article discusses the verbal working memory system used in sentence comprehension. We review the idea of working memory as a short duration system in which small amounts of information are simultaneously stored and manipulated in the service of a task and that syntactic processing in sentence comprehension requires such a storage and computational system.

    Added: June 19, 2000 Hits: 3419

  • The Origin and Evolution of Culture and Creativity

    Like the information patterns that evolve through biological processes, mental representations, or memes, evolve through adaptive exploration and transformation of an information space through variation, selection, and transmission. Since unlike genes, memes do not come packaged with instructions for their replication, our brains do it for them, strategically, guided by a fitness landscape that reflects both internal drives and a worldview that is continually updated through meme assimilation. This paper presents a model for how an individual becomes a meme-evolving agent via the emergence of an autocatalytic network of sparse, distributed memories, and discusses implications for complex, creative thought processes and why they are unique to humans.

    Added: June 18, 2000 Hits: 4233

  • Howard Gardner

    Educated at Harvard University, Gardner has written many books in developmental psychology highlighting his work on the development of creativity in children and adults. In Gardner's 1983 book, Frames of Mind: Theories of Multiple Intelligence, Gardner explores the multifarious nature of human intelligence [and] posits that humans have a family of seven intelligences that can be divided into three main groups: object-related intelligence, which includes mathematics and logic; object-free intelligence, including music and language; and personal intelligence, or the psychological perception we have of ourselves and others.

    Added: June 16, 2000 Hits: 7711

  • William McDougall

    William McDougall is considered by some to have been the foremost psychologist of all English-speaking countries. He has contributed significantly to more branches and departments of psychology than anyone else writing in English. He is the exponent of hormic psychology, the central idea being that there is an end or purpose which goads us to action, without any real knowledge of its nature, and often without benefit or even thought of pleasure. Human progress can only be determined in terms of "horme" or "drive". He theorized that human behavior is determined by both instinctive and intentional strivings.

    Added: June 16, 2000 Hits: 4382

  • Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

    The Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) is the largest mental health and addictions facility in Canada. Underlying all of the Centre's efforts are two principal tasks: advancing our understanding of mental health and addiction, and translating this knowledge into practical resources and tools that can be used in our own programs and in the broader community. This work is key to preventing problems, finding more effective treatments for often debilitating conditions, and improving the quality of life for people who are struggling with mental illness and addictions.

    Added: June 15, 2000 Hits: 2357

  • Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology

    The Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology provides a forum for the presentation of conceptual, methodological, policy, and research studies involved in the application of behavioral science research in developmental and life span psychology.

    Added: June 14, 2000 Hits: 1918

  • Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization

    The Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization is devoted to theoretical and empirical research concerning economic decision, organization and behavior and to economic change in all its aspects. Its specific purposes are to foster an improved understanding of how human cognitive, computational and informational characteristics influence the working of economic organizations and market economies and how an economy's structural features lead to various types of micro and macro behavior, to changing patterns of development and to institutional evolution.

    Added: June 14, 2000 Hits: 611

  • Journal of School Psychology

    The Journal of School Psychology publishes original articles on empirical research and practice relevant to the development of school psychology as both a scientific and an applied speciality. JSP reflects research on psychometrics and instrumentation, quantitative approaches to inquiry, and a focus on theoretically-grounded intervention and consultation practices.

    Added: June 14, 2000 Hits: 1037

  • Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour

    Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour focuses on the behavioural and psychological aspects of traffic and transport, providing a long-needed single journal dedicated to this rapidly-expanding field. The aim of the journal is to enhance theory development, improve the quality of empirical studies and to stimulate the application of research findings in practice. TRF will provide a focus and a means of communication for the considerable amount of research activities that are now being carried out in this field. The journal will provide a forum for transportation researchers, psychologists, ergonomists, engineers and policy-makers with an interest in traffic and transport psychology.

    Added: June 14, 2000 Hits: 409

  • International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation

    This Journal was created to provide international practitioners, scholars and mental health consumers with a forum to publish and discuss their work in program development, evaluation research, policy innovations, and therapeutic practices that have been successful in their particular region and cultures. Articles on psychosocial interventions, psychopharmacotherapy, mental health primary care, institutional and community care innovations, decentralization, sectorization, community & regionally based systems, and program evaluation will be given particular attention.

    Added: June 14, 2000 Hits: 487