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This report is the first release of information from SAMHSA's 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Since 1971, the NHSDA has been the primary source of national information on the prevalence and incidence of illicit drug, alcohol, and tobacco use in the civilian population age 12 years and older. For the first time ever, this report provides estimates of illicit drug, alcohol, and cigarette use by age group that can be compared across States and the District of Columbia.
The Treatment Improvement Exchange (TIE) is a resource sponsored by the Division of State and Community Assistance of the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment to provide information exchange between CSAT staff and State and local alcohol and substance abuse agencies.
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) menu of Child and Adolescent Mental Health related issues.
The Henry A. Murray Research Center of Radcliffe is a center for the study of lives. The center's primary purpose is to promote the use of existing social science data to explore human development and social change. To this end the center has established a national archive of over 270 studies that it makes available for new research. Murray Center staff researchers work in the areas of sociology (social stratification, sociology of the life course, and sociology of the family) and psychology (cognitive, social, and personality development).
Recent scientific advances have revolutionized our understanding of drug abuse and addiction. The majority of these advances, which have dramatic implications for how to best prevent and treat addiction, have been supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). NIDA supports over 85 percent of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction.
Three decades of scientific research and clinical practice have yielded a variety of effective approaches to drug addiction treatment. Extensive data document that drug addiction treatment is as effective as are treatments for most other similarly chronic medical conditions. In spite of scientific evidence that establishes the effectiveness of drug abuse treatment, many people believe that treatment is ineffective. In part, this is because of unrealistic expectations. Many people equate addiction with simply using drugs and therefore expect that addiction should be cured quickly, and if it is not, treatment is a failure. In reality, because addiction is a chronic disorder, the ultimate goal of long-term abstinence often requires sustained and repeated treatment episodes.
In this paper I address two classic examples of "social pathology"--apparently maladaptive social behavior--and suggest that they can be understood to a great extent (perhaps entirely) when viewed from the perspective of competitive individuals acting according to the principles of economic defendability models. These are based on the simple assumption that territorial or possessive behavior is favored only when benefits exceed costs; while initially sounding trivial, this perspective challenges widespread typological thinking--"species X is/is not territorial" gives way to "individuals of species X should be territorial under some conditions and not others".
Molecular Psychiatry publishes work aimed at elucidating biological mechanisms underlying psychiatric disorders and their treatment. The emphasis is on studies at the interface of pre-clinical and clinical research, including studies at the cellular, molecular, integrative, clinical, imaging and psychopharmacology levels.
HumanMetrics is an Internet online tests provider focused on human relationships, human and business types testing.
This application simulates eye motion and demonstrates the effects of disabling one or more of the 12 eyes muscles and one or more of the 6 cranial nerves that control eye motion. The purpose of this simulator is to teach medical students and doctors how the eye motion will change with pathology of the eye muscles and cranial nerves and what to look for during a standard neurological eye exam.
Take a look around the room that you are in. Notice how the various images and colors that you see update constantly as you turn your head and re-direct your attention. Although the images appear to be seamless, each blending imperceptibly into the next, they are in reality being updated almost continuously by the vision apparatus of your eyes and brain. The seamless quality in the images that you see is possible because human vision updates images, including the details of motion and color, on a time scale so rapid that a "break in the action" is almost never perceived.
On today's program we have three giants in the field of psychology, including none other than the father of psychoanalysis, Dr. Sigmund Freud! Who are the other two giants? We'll find out at the end of the show.