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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 56

The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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Search Our Encyclopedia of Psychology Directory

  • Drug Abuse Statistics from Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

    This report is the first release of information from SAMHSA's 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA). Since 1971, the NHSDA has been the primary source of national information on the prevalence and incidence of illicit drug, alcohol, and tobacco use in the civilian population age 12 years and older. For the first time ever, this report provides estimates of illicit drug, alcohol, and cigarette use by age group that can be compared across States and the District of Columbia.

    Added: September 19, 2000 Hits: 1294

  • Treatment Improvement Exchange (TIE)

    The Treatment Improvement Exchange (TIE) is a resource sponsored by the Division of State and Community Assistance of the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment to provide information exchange between CSAT staff and State and local alcohol and substance abuse agencies.

    Added: September 19, 2000 Hits: 342

  • Child and Adolescent Mental Health

    National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) menu of Child and Adolescent Mental Health related issues.

    Added: September 19, 2000 Hits: 7664

  • Murray Research Center

    The Henry A. Murray Research Center of Radcliffe is a center for the study of lives. The center's primary purpose is to promote the use of existing social science data to explore human development and social change. To this end the center has established a national archive of over 270 studies that it makes available for new research. Murray Center staff researchers work in the areas of sociology (social stratification, sociology of the life course, and sociology of the family) and psychology (cognitive, social, and personality development).

    Added: September 19, 2000 Hits: 1714

  • National Institute on Drug Abuse

    Recent scientific advances have revolutionized our understanding of drug abuse and addiction. The majority of these advances, which have dramatic implications for how to best prevent and treat addiction, have been supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). NIDA supports over 85 percent of the world's research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction.

    Added: September 18, 2000 Hits: 622

  • Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment - A Research-Based Guide

    Three decades of scientific research and clinical practice have yielded a variety of effective approaches to drug addiction treatment. Extensive data document that drug addiction treatment is as effective as are treatments for most other similarly chronic medical conditions. In spite of scientific evidence that establishes the effectiveness of drug abuse treatment, many people believe that treatment is ineffective. In part, this is because of unrealistic expectations. Many people equate addiction with simply using drugs and therefore expect that addiction should be cured quickly, and if it is not, treatment is a failure. In reality, because addiction is a chronic disorder, the ultimate goal of long-term abstinence often requires sustained and repeated treatment episodes.

    Added: September 18, 2000 Hits: 959

  • Population Density, Infanticide and Social Pathology

    In this paper I address two classic examples of "social pathology"--apparently maladaptive social behavior--and suggest that they can be understood to a great extent (perhaps entirely) when viewed from the perspective of competitive individuals acting according to the principles of economic defendability models. These are based on the simple assumption that territorial or possessive behavior is favored only when benefits exceed costs; while initially sounding trivial, this perspective challenges widespread typological thinking--"species X is/is not territorial" gives way to "individuals of species X should be territorial under some conditions and not others".

    Added: September 17, 2000 Hits: 1009

  • Molecular Psychiatry

    Molecular Psychiatry publishes work aimed at elucidating biological mechanisms underlying psychiatric disorders and their treatment. The emphasis is on studies at the interface of pre-clinical and clinical research, including studies at the cellular, molecular, integrative, clinical, imaging and psychopharmacology levels.

    Added: September 14, 2000 Hits: 245

  • HumanMetrics

    HumanMetrics is an Internet online tests provider focused on human relationships, human and business types testing.

    Added: September 10, 2000 Hits: 3104

  • Eye Simulation Application

    This application simulates eye motion and demonstrates the effects of disabling one or more of the 12 eyes muscles and one or more of the 6 cranial nerves that control eye motion. The purpose of this simulator is to teach medical students and doctors how the eye motion will change with pathology of the eye muscles and cranial nerves and what to look for during a standard neurological eye exam.

    Added: September 10, 2000 Hits: 761

  • How We See: The First Steps of Human Vision

    Take a look around the room that you are in. Notice how the various images and colors that you see update constantly as you turn your head and re-direct your attention. Although the images appear to be seamless, each blending imperceptibly into the next, they are in reality being updated almost continuously by the vision apparatus of your eyes and brain. The seamless quality in the images that you see is possible because human vision updates images, including the details of motion and color, on a time scale so rapid that a "break in the action" is almost never perceived.

    Added: September 10, 2000 Hits: 1584

  • A Science Odyssey: That's My Theory: Freud

    On today's program we have three giants in the field of psychology, including none other than the father of psychoanalysis, Dr. Sigmund Freud! Who are the other two giants? We'll find out at the end of the show.

    Added: September 9, 2000 Hits: 12466