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Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy is a peer reviewed journal concerned with the field of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Its remit is to promote standards of excellence and to act as a vehicle for the exchange of views and the dissemination of research throughout the public sphere. It publishes papers concerned with theoretical topics, clinical services, supervision, teaching, training and research.
The use of facial expression for measuring people's emotions has dominated psychology since the late 1960s when Paul Ekman, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco and Carroll Izard, PhD, of the University of Delaware, reawakened the study of emotion by linking expressions to a group of basic emotions.
Though originally conceptualized as a mechanism of discrimination learning, attention has more recently been investigated as a factor in information processing. Attention research in animals has generally been carried out by training pigeons on two separate matching-to-sample problems followed by testing with a compound of the two samples. When tested for one of the two sources of information in the compound sample, pigeons typically perform worse than on tests with either of the two original training samples presented alone. Recent research has shown, however, that pigeons are able to process multiple sources of information from some dimensions simultaneously with no accuracy deficit.
The development of pecking in ring doves is described and analyzed as a model system for understanding the roles of learning in behavioral development. Ring dove squab go from complete dependence on their parents to independent feeding during the third and fourth week post-hatch. They learn to identify food and to consume it through their interaction with food and their parents. This chapter describes experiments that analyze the specific learning mechanisms involved in the development of pecking and what it is that squabs learn from their experience.
In this chapter, we will present our recent work on the pigeon's ability to categorize pictorial displays as involving items that are the same as or different from one another. You will be given the opportunity to work through some sample experiments and be shown the results of the pigeon studies.
This cyberbook brings together 31 of the top international scientists working in the area of comparative cognition to create a widely available summary of current advances in our knowledge about visual cognition in birds. Each chapter highlights a different aspect of the basic processes within the general area of visual cognition and action.
Understanding how visual stimuli are perceived, discriminated, recognized, and ultimately come to control behavior is one of the central issues in animal cognition. This chapter reviews recent experiments from my laboratory looking at how pigeons process hierarchically-arranged information presented at different spatial scales. Results are presented from three different paradigms that tested a variety of texture stimuli, hierarchical figural stimuli, and dynamic object-like stimuli.
This chapter addresses a number of fundamental issues relating to object recognition, concentrating particularly on an avian species, the pigeon. The task is to determine whether the basic process of object recognition in pigeons is at all similar to the most probable process that has been proposed for humans. In order to demonstrate the conditions under which object recognition may or may not occur, a number of illustrated examples will be provided.
The Singapore Psychological Society was founded in 1979, and has as its aim the advancement of psychology as a science and as a profession in Singapore.
A parents' resource guide to the diagnosis, education and treatment of children with autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) and autistic spectrum disorders.
Review of german web-pages about Psychology and Psychiatry (in German).