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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 44

The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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  • Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy

    Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy is a peer reviewed journal concerned with the field of psychoanalysis and psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Its remit is to promote standards of excellence and to act as a vehicle for the exchange of views and the dissemination of research throughout the public sphere. It publishes papers concerned with theoretical topics, clinical services, supervision, teaching, training and research.

    Added: November 4, 2001 Hits: 626

  • Facial Expressions

    The use of facial expression for measuring people's emotions has dominated psychology since the late 1960s when Paul Ekman, PhD, of the University of California, San Francisco and Carroll Izard, PhD, of the University of Delaware, reawakened the study of emotion by linking expressions to a group of basic emotions.

    Added: November 3, 2001 Hits: 8015

  • Attentional Processes in Compound Stimulus Processing by Pigeons

    Though originally conceptualized as a mechanism of discrimination learning, attention has more recently been investigated as a factor in information processing. Attention research in animals has generally been carried out by training pigeons on two separate matching-to-sample problems followed by testing with a compound of the two samples. When tested for one of the two sources of information in the compound sample, pigeons typically perform worse than on tests with either of the two original training samples presented alone. Recent research has shown, however, that pigeons are able to process multiple sources of information from some dimensions simultaneously with no accuracy deficit.

    Added: September 19, 2001 Hits: 2123

  • Development of Pecking in Ring Doves

    The development of pecking in ring doves is described and analyzed as a model system for understanding the roles of learning in behavioral development. Ring dove squab go from complete dependence on their parents to independent feeding during the third and fourth week post-hatch. They learn to identify food and to consume it through their interaction with food and their parents. This chapter describes experiments that analyze the specific learning mechanisms involved in the development of pecking and what it is that squabs learn from their experience.

    Added: September 19, 2001 Hits: 921

  • Stimulus Control in Complex Visual Arrays

    In this chapter, we will present our recent work on the pigeon's ability to categorize pictorial displays as involving items that are the same as or different from one another. You will be given the opportunity to work through some sample experiments and be shown the results of the pigeon studies.

    Added: September 19, 2001 Hits: 799

  • Avian Visual Cogntion

    This cyberbook brings together 31 of the top international scientists working in the area of comparative cognition to create a widely available summary of current advances in our knowledge about visual cognition in birds. Each chapter highlights a different aspect of the basic processes within the general area of visual cognition and action.

    Added: September 19, 2001 Hits: 4063

  • Hierarchical Stimulus Processing by Pigeons

    Understanding how visual stimuli are perceived, discriminated, recognized, and ultimately come to control behavior is one of the central issues in animal cognition. This chapter reviews recent experiments from my laboratory looking at how pigeons process hierarchically-arranged information presented at different spatial scales. Results are presented from three different paradigms that tested a variety of texture stimuli, hierarchical figural stimuli, and dynamic object-like stimuli.

    Added: September 19, 2001 Hits: 1552

  • Object Recognition

    This chapter addresses a number of fundamental issues relating to object recognition, concentrating particularly on an avian species, the pigeon. The task is to determine whether the basic process of object recognition in pigeons is at all similar to the most probable process that has been proposed for humans. In order to demonstrate the conditions under which object recognition may or may not occur, a number of illustrated examples will be provided.

    Added: September 19, 2001 Hits: 2878

  • Singapore Psychological Society

    The Singapore Psychological Society was founded in 1979, and has as its aim the advancement of psychology as a science and as a profession in Singapore.

    Added: August 17, 2001 Hits: 614

  • Traffic and Transportation Psychology in Dresden, Germany

    Added: August 9, 2001 Hits: 692

  • AutismWeb: A Guide for Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorder

    A parents' resource guide to the diagnosis, education and treatment of children with autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) and autistic spectrum disorders.

    Added: August 4, 2001 Hits: 2648

  • Psychiatry and Psychology in Germany

    Review of german web-pages about Psychology and Psychiatry (in German).

    Added: August 4, 2001 Hits: 369