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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
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The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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Search Our Encyclopedia of Psychology Directory

  • How to Quit Smoking

    Guides to help quit using tobacco products from the CDC.

    Added: January 3, 2004 Hits: 578

  • Subliminal Perception

    Subliminal perception occurs whenever stimuli presented below the threshold or limen for awareness are found to influence thoughts, feelings, or actions. The term subliminal perception was originally used to describe situations in which weak stimuli were perceived without awareness. In recent years, the term has been applied more generally to describe any situation in which unnoticed stimuli are perceived.

    Added: December 28, 2003 Hits: 4289

  • Synaesthesia Research Centre

    Synaesthesia is a condition in which ordinary stimuli lead to extraordinary experiences. There are many types of synaesthesia. Some synaesthetes have conscious experiences of vivid colors when listening to music or hearing other types of sounds. The most common type of synaesthesia is letter/digit color synaesthesia.

    Added: December 28, 2003 Hits: 1133

  • COGENT: Cognitive Modelling Software

    COGENT is a powerful computational modelling system that provides teachers and researchers with a flexible environment within which to develop and explore symbolic and hybrid models of cognitive processes. The system provides a range functions that allow scientists to explore their ideas and theories without commitment to a particular architecture.

    Added: December 27, 2003 Hits: 4108

  • Practical Assessment, Research and Evaluation

    This on-line journal provides education professionals access to refereed articles that can have a positive impact on assessment, research, evaluation, and teaching practice, especially at the local education agency (LEA) level.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 291

  • Driven to Distraction

    New research shows that performing complex mental tasks can reduce a driver's ability to detect visual targets by as much as 30 percent. According to the research, performing complex mental tasks--feeding back concrete or abstract information as opposed to simply listening--significantly reduced drivers' ability to detect visual targets, discriminate among them and respond correctly.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 1693

  • Driver Distraction by Advertising: Genuine Risk or Urban Myth?

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 764

  • Current Issues in Research on Intelligence

    Probably the most influential developments in our recent understanding of these concepts have come from educational and psychological researchers associated with cognitive psychology. Three of those individuals, Robert Sternberg, Howard Gardner, and John Horn serve as a representative sample of researchers who have made significant gains in our current conceptions of intelligence.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 7587

  • Hints for Designing Effective Questionnaires

    The purpose of this article is to offer tips in designing quality questionnaires and on avoiding common errors. Some of the more prevalent problems in questionnaire development are identified and suggestions of ways to avoid them are offered.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 2506

  • Measuring Aptitude

    This article defines aptitude tests in contrast to intelligence tests and achievement tests. It also looks at the value of aptitude tests and examines how the results of aptitude should be used. Finally, this article discusses whether students can improve their scores on these tests.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 3644

  • More Multiple-choice Item Writing Do's and Don'ts

    What follows here is a fairly comprehensive list of recommendations for writing multiple choice items. Some of these are backed up by psychometric research; i.e., it has been found that, generally, the resulting scores are more accurate indicators of each student's knowledge when the recommendations are followed than when they are violated. Other recommendations result from logical deduction.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 956

  • Reducing Error in Mail Surveys

    Surveys allow information to be collected from a sample group and generalized to the population at large. Because they are low cost and easy to implement, mail surveys are used more frequently for social research than either telephone or face-to-face interviews. Those conducting surveys should recognize four potential sources of error -- sampling error, non-coverage error, non-response error, and measurement error -- and take steps to minimize their impact.

    Added: December 26, 2003 Hits: 451