The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.
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Past attempts by policy experts and scholars to synthesize the legal policy considerations behind a general limited right to refuse treatment and specific legislative efforts to regulate the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) have met with considerable controversy, confrontation, and misunderstanding. It will be argued on the basis of the following legal analysis that the parameters of the law of informed consent and substituted decisionmaking, as articulated in the leading court decisions and state legislation, provide a reasonable framework upon which to develop sound policy judgments about the right to refuse electroconvulsive therapy.
Memory is one of the most important concepts in learning; if things are not remembered, no learning can take place.
Fundamental questions of motivation are concerned with the direction, intensity, and duration of behavior. Within each of these broad categories are sub-questions such as the distinctions between quality and quantity, effort and arousal, and latency and persistence. Cutting across all these questions are the relative contributions of individual differences and situational constraints to the level of motivation and of subsequent performance.
It has been argued that infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU) are subject both to a highly stressful environment - continuous, high-intensity noise and bright light (Field 1990) - and to a lack of the tactile stimulation that they would otherwise experience in the womb or in general mothering care (Montagu 1978). Massage has been recommended as an intervention to promote growth and development of preterm and low-birth weight (LBW) infants.
Classic paper by K. S. Lashley (1930).
Classic work by Pierre Paul Broca (1861).
A description of Stress and its causes. A checklist of determining if you are stressed and what to do if stress does not go away; there may be some other health problem present.
How we see more than the naked eye.
Tutorials on basic issues about how the brain processes visual, and other sensory, information.
Addresses how much truth there is in propositions and assess the ability of current proposals to deal with complaints.
These abstracts interpret research articles for practicing coaches and others interested in applied sport science.
Perhaps you have heard the phrase, "Winning is 90% mental and 10% physical," or you have considered incorporating imagery to enhance your performance, but you still do not understand everything you would like to know about sport psychology.