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The Encyclopedia of Psychology
Page 108

The Encyclopedia of Psychology is where we record and analyze the evolution of the field. On this page, you will find research submitted by third parties and reviewed by our team.

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  • Al Roth's game theory and experimental economics page

    Alvin E. Roth is the George Gund Professor of Economics and Business Administration in the Department of Economics at Harvard University. His research interests are in game theory as a part of empirical economics and experimental economics.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 1084

  • ELSE: The ESRC Centre for Economic Learning and Social Evolution

    The Centre for Economic Learning and Social Evolution (ELSE) is an interdisciplinary research centre funded by the U.K. Economic and Social Research Council. Their objective is to promote the study of models of interactive learning and social evolution with a view to providing an appropriate foundational basis for modeling in economics and related social sciences. Game theory is used as the focus for such studies.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 464

  • Laboratory for Experimental Economics and Political Science

    The Laboratory is devoted to the development and applications of a laboratory experimental methodology for a broad range of disciplines. Laboratory research is focused on basic research issues, applied research issues, and the development of supporting technology. Basic science includes the principles of behavior of single and multiple market systems in relation to parametric and institutional settings; the principles of behavior in relation to voting and political institutions; and the strategic behavior of game theory. Applied research includes policy related research, the development of prototype markets, smart markets, and the actual implementation of new forms of markets.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 532

  • The Economic Behavior of Children: Remarks, Links, Papers, and a Bibliography.

    A page devoted to the study of the economic behavior of children.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 642

  • Functional Context (T. Sticht)

    The functional context approach to learning stresses the importance of making learning relevant to the experience of learners and their work context.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 594

  • Intelligent Learning Environment

    Hierarchial stance of learning, and the measure.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 743

  • Positive Reinforcement: A Self-Instructional Exercise

    The purpose of this exercise is to teach the concept of positive reinforcement .In this tutorial, background material on positive reinforcement is omitted in favor of demonstrating some important features of self-instructional exercises that can be effectively used in distance education.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 3113

  • Situated Learning (J. Lave)

    Lave argues that learning as it normally occurs is a function of the activity, context and culture in which it occurs (i.e., it is situated). This contrasts with most classroom learning activities which involve knowledge which is abstract and out of context.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 582

  • Language

    Research on language acquisition/use can be divided into first and second language learning settings.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 5817

  • Vygotsky's Distinction Between Lower and Higher Mental Functions and Recent Studies on Infant Cognitive Development

    One of the major theoretical advances of Vygotsky's approach to cognitive development was his thesis that human mental functions were social in origins. Vygotsky introduced a distinction between lower mental functions (LMF's) and higher mental functions (HMF's) (Vygotsky, 1983).

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 3507

  • Operant (Instrumental) Conditioning

    The major theorists for the development of operant conditioning are Edward Thorndike, John Watson, and B. F. Skinner. They proposed that learning is the result of the application of consequences; that is, learners begin to connect certain responses with certain stimuli. This connection causes the probability of the response to change (i.e., learning occurs.)

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 8598

  • Operant Conditioning - Skinner

    The theory of B.F. Skinner is based upon the idea that learning is a function of change in overt behavior. Changes in behavior are the result of an individual's response to events (stimuli) that occur in the environment.

    Added: July 22, 1999 Hits: 8306