- B. F. Skinner Foundation
The B. F. Skinner Foundation was established in 1987 to publish significant literary and scientific works in the analysis of behavior and to educate both professionals and the public about the science of behavior.
(Added: 20-Feb-2000 Hits: 19307)
- Behavior and the General Evolutionary Process
Behavior analysis is properly part of evolutionary biology, because only evolutionary theory can explain the origins of behavior and because behavior analysis follows the same mode of explanation as evolutionary theory. The resemblance among operant shaping, cultural evolution, and genetic evolution appears clearly only in the light of a general concept of evolutionary process.
(Added: 11-Jan-2004 Hits: 11519)
- Behaviorism Tutorial
Behaviorism is generally characterized as the viewpoint holding that the appropriate subject matter for psychology is behavior and the appropriate methods for psychology are those of the natural sciences. The objective of this tutorial is to
promote an understanding of the differences between two of these forms of behaviorism - methodological behaviorism and radical behaviorism.
(Added: 7-Feb-2000 Hits: 15578)
- Dynamics in the Fine Structure of Schedule-Controlled Behavior
The variability in the behavioral equilibrium established by six basic schedules was characterized. The measures were the pause preceding the first response in each interreinforcement interval; the mean rate of responding in each interreinforcement interval; and the relative frequency of each interresponse time. A display of individual interresponse times as a function of time in the interreinforcement interval indicated clear recurrent responding at somewhat less than 3 Hz in every bird, even after extended exposure to a schedule and regardless of the contingency.
(Added: 4-Jun-2000 Hits: 2456)
Cultural evolution, including the evolution of knowledge, can be modelled through the same basic principles of variation and selection that underly biological evolution. This implies a shift from genes as units of biological information to a new type of units of cultural information: memes. A meme is a cognitive or behavioral pattern that can be transmitted from one individual to another one.
(Added: 22-Aug-2000 Hits: 2742)
- Schedules of Reinforcement
In the Skinner-box it is possible to change the contingency between the responses and the delivery of reinforcement so that more than one response may be required in order to obtain the reward. A whole range of rules can govern the contingency between responses and reinforcement - these different types of rules are referred to as schedules of reinforcement.
(Added: 21-Sep-1999 Hits: 3073)
- Subjective Behavior Analysis
Q methodology was developed in the 1930s and has become increasingly utilized as a means for examining subjective
behavior in a rigorous and naturalistic way. One of the advantages of Q methodology is its utility in examining single cases, which,
when conjoined with the mathematics of factor analysis, reveals parallels with quantum theory.
(Added: 21-Sep-1999 Hits: 3065)
- The Operant Conditioning of Human Motor Behavior
This paper reports procedures for the direct application of the variables defining the paradigm for operant conditioning to human behavior and shows that human beings act very much indeed
like experimental animals when they are subjected to the same exper imental treatments. It suggests that direct application of conditioning principles to some categories of human behavior
may be justified. The procedures are simple and they may be followed by anyone, with a minimum of equipment.
(Added: 9-Dec-1998 Hits: 3121)