- Educational Psychology Interactive: Motivation
Most motivation theorists assume that motivation is involved in the performance of all learned responses; that is, a learned
behavior will not occur unless it is energized. The major question among psychologists, in general, is whether motivation is a
primary or secondary influence on behavior. That is, are changes in behavior better explained by principles of
environmental/ecological influences, perception, memory, cognitive development, or emotion.
(Added: 23-Jul-1999 Hits: 27534)
- Effects of Self-efficacy and Incentive on Physiological Reactivity Performing a Cognitive Task
The aim of the present experiment was to determine whether both self-efficacy and incentive value exert their effects on autonomic and somatic physiological reactivity in an interactive manner. 32 subjects were assigned to 4 groups resulting from combining two conditions of self-efficacy manipulation (high and low) with two conditions of incentive value manipulation (high and low). All the subjects completed a computer-aided word-chaining task, which involved verbal responses. 4 physiological variables were measured: respiratory and heart rate, electrodermal resistance and electromyography of frontalis muscle.
(Added: 28-Mar-2000 Hits: 6636)
- Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
According to Maslow, there are general types of needs (physiological, safety, love, and esteem) that must be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly. He called these needs "deficiency needs." As long as we are motivated to satisfy these cravings, we are moving towards growth, toward self-actualization. Satisfying needs is healthy, blocking gratification makes us sick or evil.
(Added: 1-Dec-2000 Hits: 21611)
- Motivation Theory and Practice
Our articles on motivation theory and practice concentrate on various theories regarding human nature in general and motivation in particular. Included are articles on the practical aspects of motivation in the workplace and the research that has been undertaken in this field, notably by Douglas McGregor (theory y), Frederick Herzberg (two factor motivation hygiene theory,) Abraham Maslow (theory z, hierarchy of needs), Elton Mayo (Hawthorne Experiments) Chris Argyris (achievement motivation) Rensis Likert and David McClelland.
(Added: 9-Apr-2000 Hits: 29692)