- Child Abuse Prevention
Child abuse prevention programmes, centred upon primary and secondary levels, have been instituted in recent years as an option for mitigating this psychosocial phenomenon, attending to the child population in general, and to those with social problems in particular. This review proposes that these programmes should consider as a basic principle adaptation to children’s needs and to the parental capacities of those involved in child care, taking into consideration the family’s socio-cultural context.
(Added: 28-Mar-2000 Hits: 1380)
- Fostering Goodness: Teaching Parents to Facilitate Children's Moral Development
In this paper, we identify four foundational components of children's moral development (social orientation, self-control, compliance, self-esteem) and four central aspects of moral functioning (empathy, conscience, moral reasoning, altruism). The parenting roots of each of these eight psychological characteristics are examined, and five core parenting processes (induction, nurturance, demandingness, modeling, democratic family process) that are related empirically to the development of these eight child characteristics are identified and discussed. Finally, we consider the implications of our analysis for teaching parents to positively influence their children's moral development.
(Added: 11-Jan-2000 Hits: 2514)
- Preventing Problems vs. Promoting the Positive
In this paper, we discuss the need to define and measure indicators of positive child well-being. We argue that it is essential to develop valid and reliable indicators of positive attitudes, beliefs and outcomes so that positive development does not continue to be construed as merely the absence of negative behaviors and outcomes.
(Added: 11-Jan-2000 Hits: 962)
- Step Families
We have already become a nation of step-relating individuals. However, most graduate schools of psychiatry, psychology, and social work provide no specific training in dealing with these particular dynamics of stepfamilies. Often, the methods and information appropriate to the nuclear family can be destructive . . . if applied to the highly specific dynamics of the stepfamily system.
(Added: 11-Jan-2000 Hits: 1354)
- The Functions of Postpartum Depression
Loss of interest in the infant is a prominent symptom of postpartum depression (PPD). Evolutionary approaches to parental care suggest that parents will not automatically invest in all offspring, and should reduce or eliminate investment in their children if the costs outweigh the benefits. Numerous studies support the correlation between PPD and lack of social support or indicators of possible infant health and development problems. (in pdf format)
(Added: 14-Feb-2000 Hits: 873)
- Tufts University Child And Family WebGuide
The Child and Family WebGuide describes, evaluates, and rates research-based web sites about child development. Presented by Tufts University in collaboration with Child and Family News and the Society for Research in Child Development.
(Added: 9-Jul-2002 Hits: 413)
- What Is Attachment Disorder?
More and more children are failing to develop secure attachments to loving, protective caregivers. These children are
left without the most important foundation for healthy development. They are flooding our child welfare system with an
overwhelming array of problems - emotional, behavioral, social, cognitive, developmental, physical and moral - and
growing up to perpetuate the cycle with their own children.
(Added: 30-Apr-2000 Hits: 2850)